The preparation of a rough cost estimate, made without any concrete data, during the conceptual phase of a project. The goal is to establish cost parameters in advance of a defined project plan. also called order of magnitude budgeting or conceptual estimating.
Extent to which the workers are able or willing to move between different jobs, occupations, and geographical areas. It is called horizontal mobility if it does not result in a change in the worker’s grading or status, and vertical mobility if it does. Skilled workers have low occupational mobility but high geographical mobility; low-skilled or unskilled workers have high degrees of both types of mobility. Low labor-mobility causes structural unemployment, andgovernments try to avoid it by worker retraining schemes and by encouraging establishment of new industries in the affected areas.